version-matchers

Tag: version-matchers

Defines a list of version matchers. since 1.4

The child tag used for the version matcher must be equal to a name of a report outputter type (added with the typedef tag).

A version matcher is used to evaluate if a dependency version constraint matches a dependency version.

Attributes

Attribute Description Required

usedefaults

when set to true, includes the built-in version matchers (Latest, Sub Revision, and Version Ranger Matcher). Exact Revision Matcher is always included

No, defaults to false

Child elements

Element Description Cardinality

any version matcher

adds a version matcher to the list of available ones

0..n

Built-in Version Matchers

Exact Revision Matcher

A matcher that matches a dependency revision id to the module revision id using simple string equality.

Sub Revision Matcher

A matcher that matches all revisions starting with a specific prefix. The syntax is: [prefix]+

Revision Matches

1.0.+

all revisions starting with '1.0.', like 1.0.1, 1.0.5, 1.0.a

1.1+

all revisions starting with '1.1', like 1.1, 1.1.5, but also 1.10, 1.11

Latest (Status) Matcher

A matcher that matches versions based on their status. The predefined statuses in Ivy are release, milestone and integration. It’s possible to define your own statuses, see statuses for more details.

Revision Matches

latest.integration

all versions

latest.milestone

all modules having at least 'milestone' as status

latest.release

all modules having at least 'release' as status

latest.[any status]

all modules having at least the specified status

Version Range Matcher

Range types are exhaustively listed by example in the table below.

Revision Matches

[1.0,2.0]

all versions greater or equal to 1.0 and lower or equal to 2.0

[1.0,2.0[

all versions greater or equal to 1.0 and lower than 2.0

]1.0,2.0]

all versions greater than 1.0 and lower or equal to 2.0

]1.0,2.0[

all versions greater than 1.0 and lower than 2.0

[1.0,)

all versions greater or equal to 1.0

]1.0,)

all versions greater than 1.0

(,2.0]

all versions lower or equal to 2.0

(,2.0[

all versions lower than 2.0

Version Pattern Matcher

The version pattern matcher allows for more flexibility in pattern matching at the cost of adding a matcher declaration in Ivy settings. A simple example is given below.

Settings.xml

<pattern-vm>
  <match revision="foo" pattern="${major}\.${minor}\.\d+" args="major, minor" matcher="regexp"/>
</pattern-vm>

Ivy.xml

<dependency org="acme" name="tool" rev="foo(1, 3)"/>

The version pattern matcher may contain more than one match element. The matcher will attempt to match a dependency revision against each match in sequence, checking the revision tag (e.g. foo(..)) and then the pattern. Matcher types may be one of "regexp", "exact", "glob", or "exactOrRegexp". Glob pattern matching requires Apache ORO 2.0.8 or higher to be on the classpath.

Maven timestamped snapshot version matcher

Maven has the notion of timestamped snapshots, which essentially are snapshot versions of a particular Maven artifact, but have a specific timestamp associated with them so that the snapshot revision (which by nature are changing over time), can be traced back to the exact artifacts. Maven allows other artifacts to depend on such timestamped snapshots.

Starting Ivy 2.5 version, Ivy too allows such timestamped dependencies to be part of the module’s dependencies. For such dependencies to be properly parsed and resolved, a maven-tsnap-vm version matcher needs to be configured in the Ivy settings and ibiblio resolver must be one of the resolvers that used for dependency resolution.

Note
Maven has a specific syntax for timestamped snapshot versions and only such versions are understood by Ivy

Configuring the maven-tsnap-vm can be done as follows in the Ivy settings file:

<ivysettings>
    <version-matchers ...>
        <maven-tsnap-vm/>
    </version-matchers>
    ...

An example timestamped snapshot dependency in an Ivy module would look like:

<ivy-module version="2.4">
    <info organisation="org.apache.ivy"
          module="maven-snapshot-deps-test"
          revision="1.2.3"
    />
    <dependencies>

        <dependency org="org.apache.ivy.maven-snapshot-test" name="foo-bar" rev="5.6.7-20170911.130943-1" />
    </dependencies>
</ivy-module>

Notice the 5.6.7-20170911.130943-1 revision on the foo-bar dependency - that represents a timestamped snapshot. For this Ivy module to be resolved correctly, the Ivy settings file should be both backed by the maven-tsnap-vm version matcher and a m2compatible ibiblio resolver, so the settings file would typically look like:

<ivysettings>
    <settings defaultResolver="m2"/>
    <caches defaultCacheDir="${user.home}/.ivy/cache/" />
    <version-matchers usedefaults="true">
        <maven-tsnap-vm/>
    </version-matchers>

    <resolvers>
        <ibiblio name="m2" m2compatible="true" useMavenMetadata="true" root="file://${user.home}/.m2" />
    </resolvers>

</ivysettings>