Class JUnitTask

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    java.lang.Cloneable

    public class JUnitTask
    extends Task
    Runs JUnit tests.

    JUnit is a framework to create unit tests. It has been initially created by Erich Gamma and Kent Beck. JUnit can be found at https://www.junit.org.

    JUnitTask can run a single specific JUnitTest using the test element.

    For example, the following target
       <target name="test-int-chars" depends="jar-test">
           <echo message="testing international characters"/>
           <junit printsummary="no" haltonfailure="yes" fork="false">
               <classpath refid="classpath"/>
               <formatter type="plain" usefile="false" />
               <test name="org.apache.ecs.InternationalCharTest" />
           </junit>
       </target>
     

    runs a single junit test (org.apache.ecs.InternationalCharTest) in the current VM using the path with id classpath as classpath and presents the results formatted using the standard plain formatter on the command line.

    This task can also run batches of tests. The batchtest element creates a BatchTest based on a fileset. This allows, for example, all classes found in directory to be run as testcases.

    For example,

     <target name="run-tests" depends="dump-info,compile-tests" if="junit.present">
       <junit printsummary="no" haltonfailure="yes" fork="${junit.fork}">
         <jvmarg value="-classic"/>
         <classpath refid="tests-classpath"/>
         <sysproperty key="build.tests.value" value="${build.tests.value}"/>
         <formatter type="brief" usefile="false" />
         <batchtest>
           <fileset dir="${tests.dir}">
             <include name="**/*Test*" />
           </fileset>
         </batchtest>
       </junit>
     </target>
     

    this target finds any classes with a test directory anywhere in their path (under the top ${tests.dir}, of course) and creates JUnitTest's for each one.

    Of course, <junit> and <batch> elements can be combined for more complex tests. For an example, see the ant build.xml target run-tests (the second example is an edited version).

    To spawn a new Java VM to prevent interferences between different testcases, you need to enable fork. A number of attributes and elements allow you to set up how this JVM runs.

    Since:
    Ant 1.2
    See Also:
    JUnitTest, BatchTest
    • Field Detail

      • TESTLISTENER_PREFIX

        public static final java.lang.String TESTLISTENER_PREFIX
        Since:
        Ant 1.7
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
      • ENABLE_TESTLISTENER_EVENTS

        public static final java.lang.String ENABLE_TESTLISTENER_EVENTS
        Name of magic property that enables test listener events.
        See Also:
        Constant Field Values
    • Constructor Detail

      • JUnitTask

        public JUnitTask()
                  throws java.lang.Exception
        Creates a new JUnitRunner and enables fork of a new Java VM.
        Throws:
        java.lang.Exception - never
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
    • Method Detail

      • setReloading

        public void setReloading​(boolean value)
        If true, force ant to re-classload all classes for each JUnit TestCase
        Parameters:
        value - force class reloading for each test case
      • setFiltertrace

        public void setFiltertrace​(boolean value)
        If true, smartly filter the stack frames of JUnit errors and failures before reporting them.

        This property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test) however it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.

        Parameters:
        value - false if it should not filter, otherwise true
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • setHaltonerror

        public void setHaltonerror​(boolean value)
        If true, stop the build process when there is an error in a test. This property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test) however it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.
        Parameters:
        value - true if it should halt, otherwise false
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • setErrorProperty

        public void setErrorProperty​(java.lang.String propertyName)
        Property to set to "true" if there is a error in a test.

        This property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test), however, it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.

        Parameters:
        propertyName - the name of the property to set in the event of an error.
        Since:
        Ant 1.4
      • setHaltonfailure

        public void setHaltonfailure​(boolean value)
        If true, stop the build process if a test fails (errors are considered failures as well). This property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test) however it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.
        Parameters:
        value - true if it should halt, otherwise false
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • setFailureProperty

        public void setFailureProperty​(java.lang.String propertyName)
        Property to set to "true" if there is a failure in a test.

        This property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test), however, it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.

        Parameters:
        propertyName - the name of the property to set in the event of an failure.
        Since:
        Ant 1.4
      • setFork

        public void setFork​(boolean value)
        If true, JVM should be forked for each test.

        It avoids interference between testcases and possibly avoids hanging the build. this property is applied on all BatchTest (batchtest) and JUnitTest (test) however it can possibly be overridden by their own properties.

        Parameters:
        value - true if a JVM should be forked, otherwise false
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        setTimeout(java.lang.Integer)
      • setForkMode

        public void setForkMode​(JUnitTask.ForkMode mode)
        Set the behavior when fork fork has been enabled.

        Possible values are "once", "perTest" and "perBatch". If set to "once", only a single Java VM will be forked for all tests, with "perTest" (the default) each test will run in a fresh Java VM and "perBatch" will run all tests from the same <batchtest> in the same Java VM.

        This attribute will be ignored if tests run in the same VM as Ant.

        Only tests with the same configuration of haltonerror, haltonfailure, errorproperty, failureproperty and filtertrace can share a forked Java VM, so even if you set the value to "once", Ant may need to fork multiple VMs.

        Parameters:
        mode - the mode to use.
        Since:
        Ant 1.6.2
      • setThreads

        public void setThreads​(int threads)
        Set the number of test threads to be used for parallel test execution. The default is 1, which is the same behavior as before parallel test execution was possible.

        This attribute will be ignored if tests run in the same VM as Ant.

        Parameters:
        threads - int
        Since:
        Ant 1.9.4
      • setPrintsummary

        public void setPrintsummary​(JUnitTask.SummaryAttribute value)
        If true, print one-line statistics for each test, or "withOutAndErr" to also show standard output and error. Can take the values on, off, and withOutAndErr.
        Parameters:
        value - true to print a summary, withOutAndErr to include the test's output as well, false otherwise.
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        SummaryJUnitResultFormatter
      • setTimeout

        public void setTimeout​(java.lang.Integer value)
        Set the timeout value (in milliseconds).

        If the test is running for more than this value, the test will be canceled. (works only when in 'fork' mode).

        Parameters:
        value - the maximum time (in milliseconds) allowed before declaring the test as 'timed-out'
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        setFork(boolean)
      • setMaxmemory

        public void setMaxmemory​(java.lang.String max)
        Set the maximum memory to be used by all forked JVMs.
        Parameters:
        max - the value as defined by -mx or -Xmx in the java command line options.
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • setJvm

        public void setJvm​(java.lang.String value)
        The command used to invoke the Java Virtual Machine, default is 'java'. The command is resolved by java.lang.Runtime.exec(). Ignored if fork is disabled.
        Parameters:
        value - the new VM to use instead of java
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        setFork(boolean)
      • createJvmarg

        public Commandline.Argument createJvmarg()
        Adds a JVM argument; ignored if not forking.
        Returns:
        create a new JVM argument so that any argument can be passed to the JVM.
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        setFork(boolean)
      • setDir

        public void setDir​(java.io.File dir)
        The directory to invoke the VM in. Ignored if no JVM is forked.
        Parameters:
        dir - the directory to invoke the JVM from.
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        setFork(boolean)
      • addSysproperty

        @Deprecated
        public void addSysproperty​(Environment.Variable sysp)
        Deprecated.
        since Ant 1.6
        Adds a system property that tests can access. This might be useful to transfer Ant properties to the testcases when JVM forking is not enabled.
        Parameters:
        sysp - environment variable to add
        Since:
        Ant 1.3
      • addConfiguredSysproperty

        public void addConfiguredSysproperty​(Environment.Variable sysp)
        Adds a system property that tests can access. This might be useful to transfer Ant properties to the testcases when JVM forking is not enabled.
        Parameters:
        sysp - new environment variable to add
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • addSyspropertyset

        public void addSyspropertyset​(PropertySet sysp)
        Adds a set of properties that will be used as system properties that tests can access.

        This might be useful to transfer Ant properties to the testcases when JVM forking is not enabled.

        Parameters:
        sysp - set of properties to be added
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • createClasspath

        public Path createClasspath()
        Adds path to classpath used for tests.
        Returns:
        reference to the classpath in the embedded java command line
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • createBootclasspath

        public Path createBootclasspath()
        Adds a path to the bootclasspath.
        Returns:
        reference to the bootclasspath in the embedded java command line
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • createModulepath

        public Path createModulepath()
        Add a path to the modulepath.
        Returns:
        created modulepath.
        Since:
        1.9.8
      • createUpgrademodulepath

        public Path createUpgrademodulepath()
        Add a path to the upgrademodulepath.
        Returns:
        created upgrademodulepath.
        Since:
        1.9.8
      • addEnv

        public void addEnv​(Environment.Variable var)
        Adds an environment variable; used when forking.

        Will be ignored if we are not forking a new VM.

        Parameters:
        var - environment variable to be added
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • setNewenvironment

        public void setNewenvironment​(boolean newenv)
        If true, use a new environment when forked.

        Will be ignored if we are not forking a new VM.

        Parameters:
        newenv - boolean indicating if setting a new environment is wished
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • addTest

        public void addTest​(JUnitTest test)
        Add a new single testcase.
        Parameters:
        test - a new single testcase
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        JUnitTest
      • createBatchTest

        public BatchTest createBatchTest()
        Adds a set of tests based on pattern matching.
        Returns:
        a new instance of a batch test.
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
        See Also:
        BatchTest
      • addFormatter

        public void addFormatter​(FormatterElement fe)
        Add a new formatter to all tests of this task.
        Parameters:
        fe - formatter element
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • setIncludeantruntime

        public void setIncludeantruntime​(boolean b)
        If true, include ant.jar, optional.jar and junit.jar in the forked VM.
        Parameters:
        b - include ant run time yes or no
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • setShowOutput

        public void setShowOutput​(boolean showOutput)
        If true, send any output generated by tests to Ant's logging system as well as to the formatters. By default only the formatters receive the output.

        Output will always be passed to the formatters and not by shown by default. This option should for example be set for tests that are interactive and prompt the user to do something.

        Parameters:
        showOutput - if true, send output to Ant's logging system too
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • setOutputToFormatters

        public void setOutputToFormatters​(boolean outputToFormatters)
        If true, send any output generated by tests to the formatters.
        Parameters:
        outputToFormatters - if true, send output to formatters (Default is true).
        Since:
        Ant 1.7.0
      • setLogFailedTests

        public void setLogFailedTests​(boolean logFailedTests)
        If true, write a single "FAILED" line for failed tests to Ant's log system.
        Parameters:
        logFailedTests - boolean
        Since:
        Ant 1.8.0
      • addAssertions

        public void addAssertions​(Assertions asserts)
        Assertions to enable in this program (if fork=true)
        Parameters:
        asserts - assertion set
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • createPermissions

        public Permissions createPermissions()
        Sets the permissions for the application run inside the same JVM.
        Returns:
        Permissions
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • setCloneVm

        public void setCloneVm​(boolean cloneVm)
        If set, system properties will be copied to the cloned VM - as well as the bootclasspath unless you have explicitly specified a bootclasspath.

        Doesn't have any effect unless fork is true.

        Parameters:
        cloneVm - a boolean value.
        Since:
        Ant 1.7
      • setTempdir

        public void setTempdir​(java.io.File tmpDir)
        Where Ant should place temporary files.
        Parameters:
        tmpDir - location where temporary files should go to
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
      • setEnableTestListenerEvents

        public void setEnableTestListenerEvents​(boolean b)
        Whether test listener events shall be generated.

        Defaults to false.

        This value will be overridden by the magic property ant.junit.enabletestlistenerevents if it has been set.

        Parameters:
        b - boolean
        Since:
        Ant 1.8.2
      • getEnableTestListenerEvents

        public boolean getEnableTestListenerEvents()
        Whether test listener events shall be generated.
        Returns:
        boolean
        Since:
        Ant 1.8.2
      • init

        public void init()
        Adds the jars or directories containing Ant, this task and JUnit to the classpath - this should make the forked JVM work without having to specify them directly.
        Overrides:
        init in class Task
        Since:
        Ant 1.4
      • setupJUnitDelegate

        protected void setupJUnitDelegate()
        Sets up the delegate that will actually run the tests.

        Will be invoked implicitly once the delegate is needed.

        Since:
        Ant 1.7.1
      • execute

        protected void execute​(JUnitTest arg,
                               int thread)
                        throws BuildException
        Run the tests.
        Parameters:
        arg - one JUnitTest
        thread - Identifies which thread is test running in (0 for single-threaded runs)
        Throws:
        BuildException - in case of test failures or errors
      • execute

        protected void execute​(java.util.List<JUnitTest> testList,
                               int thread)
                        throws BuildException
        Execute a list of tests in a single forked Java VM.
        Parameters:
        testList - the list of tests to execute.
        thread - Identifies which thread is test running in (0 for single-threaded runs)
        Throws:
        BuildException - on error.
      • execute

        protected void execute​(java.util.List<JUnitTest> testList)
                        throws BuildException
        Execute a list of tests in a single forked Java VM.
        Parameters:
        testList - the list of tests to execute.
        Throws:
        BuildException - on error.
      • handleOutput

        protected void handleOutput​(java.lang.String output)
        Pass output sent to System.out to the TestRunner so it can collect it for the formatters.
        Overrides:
        handleOutput in class Task
        Parameters:
        output - output coming from System.out
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • handleInput

        protected int handleInput​(byte[] buffer,
                                  int offset,
                                  int length)
                           throws java.io.IOException
        Handle an input request by this task.
        Overrides:
        handleInput in class Task
        Parameters:
        buffer - the buffer into which data is to be read.
        offset - the offset into the buffer at which data is stored.
        length - the amount of data to read.
        Returns:
        the number of bytes read.
        Throws:
        java.io.IOException - if the data cannot be read.
        Since:
        Ant 1.6
        See Also:
        This implementation delegates to a runner if it present.
      • handleFlush

        protected void handleFlush​(java.lang.String output)
        Pass output sent to System.out to the TestRunner so it can collect ot for the formatters.
        Overrides:
        handleFlush in class Task
        Parameters:
        output - output coming from System.out
        Since:
        Ant 1.5.2
      • handleErrorOutput

        public void handleErrorOutput​(java.lang.String output)
        Pass output sent to System.err to the TestRunner so it can collect it for the formatters.
        Overrides:
        handleErrorOutput in class Task
        Parameters:
        output - output coming from System.err
        Since:
        Ant 1.5
      • handleErrorFlush

        public void handleErrorFlush​(java.lang.String output)
        Pass output sent to System.err to the TestRunner so it can collect it for the formatters.
        Overrides:
        handleErrorFlush in class Task
        Parameters:
        output - coming from System.err
        Since:
        Ant 1.5.2
      • createWatchdog

        protected ExecuteWatchdog createWatchdog()
                                          throws BuildException
        Returns:
        null if there is a timeout value, otherwise the watchdog instance.
        Throws:
        BuildException - under unspecified circumstances
        Since:
        Ant 1.2
      • getDefaultOutput

        protected java.io.OutputStream getDefaultOutput()
        Get the default output for a formatter.
        Returns:
        default output stream for a formatter
        Since:
        Ant 1.3
      • getIndividualTests

        protected java.util.Enumeration<JUnitTest> getIndividualTests()
        Merge all individual tests from the batchtest with all individual tests and return an enumeration over all JUnitTest.
        Returns:
        enumeration over individual tests
        Since:
        Ant 1.3
      • allTests

        protected java.util.Enumeration<BaseTest> allTests()
        return an enumeration listing each test, then each batchtest
        Returns:
        enumeration
        Since:
        Ant 1.3
      • getOutput

        protected java.io.File getOutput​(FormatterElement fe,
                                         JUnitTest test)
        If the formatter sends output to a file, return that file. null otherwise.
        Parameters:
        fe - formatter element
        test - one JUnit test
        Returns:
        file reference
        Since:
        Ant 1.3
      • addClasspathEntry

        protected void addClasspathEntry​(java.lang.String resource)
        Search for the given resource and add the directory or archive that contains it to the classpath.

        Doesn't work for archives in JDK 1.1 as the URL returned by getResource doesn't contain the name of the archive.

        Parameters:
        resource - resource that one wants to lookup
        Since:
        Ant 1.4
      • cleanup

        protected void cleanup()
        Removes resources.

        Is invoked in execute. Subclasses that don't invoke execute should invoke this method in a finally block.

        Since:
        Ant 1.7.1
      • getCommandline

        protected CommandlineJava getCommandline()
        Get the command line used to run the tests.
        Returns:
        the command line.
        Since:
        Ant 1.6.2
      • executeOrQueue

        protected java.util.Collection<java.util.List<JUnitTest>> executeOrQueue​(java.util.Enumeration<JUnitTest> testList,
                                                                                 boolean runIndividual)
        Executes all tests that don't need to be forked (or all tests if the runIndividual argument is true. Returns a collection of lists of tests that share the same VM configuration and haven't been executed yet.
        Parameters:
        testList - the list of tests to be executed or queued.
        runIndividual - if true execute each test individually.
        Returns:
        a list of tasks to be executed.
        Since:
        1.6.2
      • actOnTestResult

        protected void actOnTestResult​(int exitValue,
                                       boolean wasKilled,
                                       JUnitTest test,
                                       java.lang.String name)
        Logs information about failed tests, potentially stops processing (by throwing a BuildException) if a failure/error occurred or sets a property.
        Parameters:
        exitValue - the exitValue of the test.
        wasKilled - if true, the test had been killed.
        test - the test in question.
        name - the name of the test.
        Since:
        Ant 1.6.2
      • actOnTestResult

        protected void actOnTestResult​(JUnitTask.TestResultHolder result,
                                       JUnitTest test,
                                       java.lang.String name)
        Logs information about failed tests, potentially stops processing (by throwing a BuildException) if a failure/error occurred or sets a property.
        Parameters:
        result - the result of the test.
        test - the test in question.
        name - the name of the test.
        Since:
        Ant 1.7