SSHSESSION

Since Apache Ant 1.8.0

Description

A Task which establishes an SSH connection with a remote machine running SSH daemon, optionally establishes any number of local or remote tunnels over that connection, then executes any nested tasks before taking down the connection.

Note: This task depends on external libraries not included in the Ant distribution. See Library Dependencies for more information. This task has been tested with JSCh 0.1.33 and above and won't work with versions of JSCh earlier than 0.1.28.

See also the sshexec and scp tasks

Parameters

Attribute Description Required
host The hostname or IP address of the remote host to which you wish to connect. Yes
username The username on the remote host to which you are connecting. Yes
port The port to connect to on the remote host. No; defaults to 22
localtunnels A comma-delimited list of colon-delimited lport:rhost:rport triplets defining local port forwarding.
If nested localtunnel elements are also provided, both sets of tunnels will be established.
No
remotetunnels A comma-delimited list of colon-delimited rport:lhost:lport triplets defining remote port forwarding.
If nested remotetunnel elements are also provided, both sets of tunnels will be established.
No
trust This trusts all unknown hosts if set to yes or true.
Note: If you set this to false (the default), the host you connect to must be listed in your knownhosts file, this also implies that the file exists.
No; defaults to no
knownhosts This sets the known hosts file to use to validate the identity of the remote host. This must be a SSH2 format file. SSH1 format is not supported. No; defaults to ${user.home}/.ssh/known_hosts
failonerror Whether to halt the build if the command does not complete successfully. No; defaults to true
password The password. Yes, unless you are using key based authentication or the password has been given in the file or todir attribute
keyfile Location of the file holding the private key. Yes, if you are using key based authentication
passphrase Passphrase for your private key. No; defaults to an empty string
timeout Give up if the connection cannot be established within the specified time (given in milliseconds). No; defaults to 0 which means never

Parameters specified as nested elements

localtunnel

Optionally, any number of localtunnel elements can be used to define local port forwarding over the SSH connection. If the localtunnels parameter was also specified, both sets of tunnels will be established.

Attribute Description Required
lport The number of the local port to be forwarded. Yes
rhost The hostname or IP address of the remote host to which the local port should be forwarded. Yes
rport The number of the port on the remote host to which the local port should be forwarded. Yes

remotetunnel

Optionally, any number of remotetunnel elements can be used to define remote port forwarding over the SSH connection. If the remotetunnels parameter was also specified, both sets of tunnels will be established.

Attribute Description Required
rport The number of the remote port to be forwarded. Yes
lhost The hostname or IP address of the local host to which the remote port should be forwarded. Yes
lport The number of the port on the local host to which the remote port should be forwarded. Yes

sequential

The sequential element is a required parameter. It is a container for nested Tasks which are to be executed once the SSH connection is established and all local and/or remote tunnels established.

Examples

Connect to a remote machine using password authentication, forward the local CVS port to the remote host, and execute a CVS command locally, which can use the tunnel.

<sshsession host="somehost"
            username="dude"
            password="yo"
            localtunnels="2401:localhost:2401">
  <sequential>
    <cvs command="update ${cvs.parms} ${module}"
         cvsRoot="${cvs.root}"
         dest="${local.root}"
         failonerror="true"/>
  </sequential>
</sshsession>

Do the same thing using nested localtunnel element.

<sshsession host="somehost"
            username="dude"
            password="yo">
  <localtunnel lport="2401" rhost="localhost" rport="2401"/>
  <sequential>
    <cvs command="update ${cvs.parms} ${module}"
         cvsRoot="${cvs.root}"
         dest="${local.root}"
         failonerror="true"/>
  </sequential>
</sshsession>

Connect to a remote machine using key authentication, forward port 1080 to port 80 of an intranet server which is not directly accessible, then run a get task using that tunnel.

<sshsession host="somehost"
            username="dude"
            keyfile="${user.home}/.ssh/id_dsa"
            passphrase="yo its a secret"/>
  <LocalTunnel lport="1080" rhost="intranet.mycomp.com" rport="80"/>
  <sequential>
    <get src="http://localhost:1080/somefile" dest="temp/somefile"/>
  </sequential>
</sshsession>

Security Note: Hardcoding passwords or passphrases and/or usernames in sshsession task can be a serious security hole. Consider using variable substitution and include the password on the command line. For example:

<sshsession host="somehost"
            username="${username}"
            password="${password}"
            localtunnels="2401:localhost:2401">
  <sequential>
    <sometask/>
  </sequential>
</sshsession>

Invoking Ant with the following command line:

ant -Dusername=me -Dpassword=mypassword target1 target2

is slightly better, but the username/password is exposed to all users on an Unix system (via the ps command). The best approach is to use the <input> task and/or retrieve the password from a (secured) .properties file.